constructivist worldview concerning case study research B u s i n e s s F i n a n c e
Please respond to the following two post. Each will be be one paragraph . Each response must also include at least one citation .
Many scholars are unfamiliar with qualitative methods. For example, an RN has shared that she does not consider the qualitative methods because she sees the concept as pointless and worthless (Mcdermott et al., 2020, p. 27). The Register Nurses’ opinion may result from not having enough knowledge about qualitative methodology. I hope that this overview will be helpful in briefly explaining the two views. Here are some highlights of Yin’s philosophical assumptions. The Yinan view answers; What is the nature of reality? Yin believes that reality represents truth. The truth is objective and predictable. Yin’s view allows flexibility and promotes control, predictability, and rationality. (Boblin et al., 2013, p. 1267-1268). Yin’s qualitative case study is an exploratory nature. Studying a subject that has occurred requires data collection, multiple sources of data collected, the data is processed by developing themes. (Merriam, 1998, p.3 as cited in Yazan, 2015, p.136). Yinian believes in the positivity perspective of the case study, where are three positive orientations: objectivity, validity, and generalizability (Yazan, 2015, p.136).
Yin approaches his epistemological orientation by demonstrating design quality through the construct, internal validity, extra validity, and reliability (Yin 2002, as cited in Yazan 2015, p.137).
Yin believes that there is a common ground between quantitative and qualitative methods and as a “logical sequence that connects the data to the study’s initial research question, which leads to its conclusions” (Yin 2002, p.140 as cited in Yazan 2015).
Yin’s view of case studies includes the following components: a research question, proposition, a method of linking data, and interpreting the findings while maintaining rigor. Stakes’ methods of the qualitative method differ in the following ways.
Stake’s view is “how case study researchers should contribute to reader experience depends on their notions of knowledge and reality” (Stake, 1995, p.100 as cited in Yazan, 2015, p.136). Stake believes in existentialism and constructivism; knowledge is constructed rather than discovered and views any qualitative case study researcher as an interpreter (Yazan, 2015, p.136).
Stake describes the defining qualitative case studies are holistic, empirical, interpretive, and emphatic (Yazan, 2015, p.136). Stake encourages researchers to consider the phenomena’ interrelationship and contexts (Yazan, 2015, p.136).
Stakes’ foundation of methodology is based on existentialism. I am not a believer in existentialism. Existentialism is a combination of several philosophies. The first philosophy of existentialism is “that death is a pivotal aspect of life’s meaning. The second component is that people are thrown into this world, and the third component is one of the challenges individuals face: live authentic lives in the indifference of everydayness” (Vandekerckhove, 2020, p. 130).
Case studies are a commonly used research design for qualitative studies. Research methodologists often diverge on the design and application of case studies. Robert Yin and Robert Stake are two distinguished methodologists known for their perspectives of case study research (Yazan, 2015). The primary viewpoints demonstrated by Yin and Stake are positivism and constructivism. Positivism assumes that the findings of a study are factual (Crotty, 1998). Conversely, researchers that favor constructivism asserts that truth is relative and based on perspective (Boblin, 2013). Although Yin and Stake have differing philosophical worldviews on case study research, both offer beneficial insights to doctoral scholars.
Researchers that subscribe to positivism pursue facts by stressing control, consistency, and practicality (Crabtree & Miller, 1999). Yin’s approach to case study research suggests that he aligns with positivistic ideals. From Yin’s perspective, case studies explore the how or why of a phenomenon to draw conclusions rooted in facts (Yazan, 2015). On the other hand, Stake embraced a constructivist worldview concerning case study research. Stake (1995) noted that an assortment of data sources should be gathered and investigated to acquire several perspectives to understand the research phenomenon comprehensively. From Stake’s perspective, the case study results would not be absolute but relative based on the various views acquired during the research.
Doctoral Perspective and Rationale
As a qualitative doctoral researcher, my perspective more closely aligns with Stake’s worldview. One of the primary data sources for case study research is interviews (Yin, 2018). The data researchers acquire from interviews are based on the interviewee’s perspective. Depending on an interviewee’s background, life experiences, morals, and worldview, the how or why of a phenomenon may be different. Therefore, the truth of the data is relative to the interviewee’s perspective. However, depending on the topic, if an interviewee can support their viewpoint with well-documented facts that have been proven scientifically or otherwise, Yin’s positivist viewpoint would be pertinent.
For example, acquiring data from multiple individuals regarding their thoughts on how to increase employee engagement is relative to their experiences and perspectives. However, if the individuals can support their standpoint with facts and figures, the data could be accepted as truth. Similarly, Boblin (2013) offered an example of individuals that shared like experiences but walked away with different assessments of the situation. Therefore, the truth was relevant to each person’s lived experiences in that instance. Consequently, I assert that both Yin and Stake’s worldviews of case study research are appropriate for doctoral research