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Hi please reply to the following 3 DQ with 100-150 words each
Before diving into the different facets of EHR interface(s), it is important to define application programming interfaces or APIs. APIs sit between applications and a web server, allowing secure data and functionality exchange. Hence, when users open the application, they use the interface to access data from other departments, business partners, and third parties (IBM, 2020).
APIs in EHRs allow healthcare professionals to access patient data from various departments and specializations within the organizations like the lab, radiology, pharmacy, etc. However, there are instances when healthcare professionals need to access patient information across different organizations, which calls for increased interoperability. According to O’Dowd (2016), HL7’s development of the Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resource (FHIR) standards enables data restructuring into compatible formats for easier data exchange from various sources. Since APIs involve opening doors to patient data, there is a concern regarding health data security, most especially with consumer-facing applications. Hence, there is a need for proper and secure data management like data encryption, user identification/authorization, etc. Moreover, patients need to be educated regarding secure access to their health information as they may be vulnerable to identity thefts.
While EHRs claim to boost work efficiency, numerous sources have ridiculed its interface design affecting usability and increasing user burden. Monica (2018) stated that EHRs interfaces are poorly designed, leading to decreased efficiency and user/clinician burden — having to search for the data instead of passive consumption. Coe (2020) discussed that poorly designed EHR interfaces and workflow integration caused healthcare providers to perform lengthy steps to perform a task. Several studies regarding EHR interfaces have confirmed that physician frustrations stem from “click burden,” and poorly designed EHRs can have six times greater clicks and screen transitions (instead of aggregating relevant information in a single screen) to access the needed information. Another issue is navigation. Patient information is scattered through different pages in the EHR. Hence, healthcare professionals are forced to work with a multi-page design (instead of one page) — scrolling through irrelevant information before finding the data they need. This type of navigation is also called Display Fragmentation and contributes to clinician burnouts as they often stay for longer hours to complete their patient documentations. The solution is to create clinician-centric and easy-to-use interfaces.
Based on my experience with EHR interfaces, I think EPIC is doing a great job integrating all necessary information needed to complete tasks on one screen. The moment the user logs in, the “brain page” appears. They also have the summary and professional exchange page for an easy but in-depth search of patient data. On the other hand, CERNER has upgraded its system to eliminate all the clicks and sign-ins needed to access the patient’s chart. However, screen changes can be seen as the user is brought to the patient chart entry point. It has the community view, which is synonymous with the professional exchange in EPIC. HealthIT and EHR vendors are trying to eliminate “click burdens” and improve interface designs.
The electronic health record (EHR) interface permits healthcare providers to access, send and receive, and manage patient data. By doing so, they promoted the hospital’s workflow and doctor-patient communication. Healthcare organizations can significantly improve clinical efficiency and reduce provider dissatisfaction connected with EHR use. EHR vendors and health IT innovators can help reduce the number of daily clicks for providers by developing a separate and unique EHR interface designed to highlight the health data most likely to be relevant to a particular user. EHR data visualization can help improve clinical efficiency and reduce the time it takes for providers to search for necessary clinical information in the EHR system. The EHR interfaces display high-value information to clinicians in the same way a web browser predicts which website a user is most likely to visit based on user history.
The technology platform environment is used to build and run applications, systems, and processes. It can be seen as a toolset for developing and operating customization and customized services. The best Electronic Health Records software makes it simple and easy to manage patient care in health practice, from working with patient records to prescriptions and billing.
Monica, K. (2019, July 19). Will specializing EHR interfaces solve the EHR usability problem? HER Intelligence. Retrieved December 17, 2021, from https://ehrintelligence.com/news/will-specializing…
Spacey, J. (2016, February 1). 16 types of Technology platforms. Simplicable. Retrieved December 17, 2021, from https://simplicable.com/new/technology-platform
The role of EHR interface is to assist in finding information that a healthcare provider needs to complete patient care. It is the design and forefront information presented on the EHR that the provider sees when interacting with the EHR. It is important to tailor the EHR interface to match what specialty is using the information to make it more user friendly and not waste time with cumbersome design. For example, the EHR interface is going to look different for an inpatient hospitalist versus a family practice provider in the clinic. EHR technology addresses information shared through the EHR interfaces by using technology to increase efficiency and decrease time spent finding information. Data visualization addresses the ability to share different information based on what is needed by the user. It may be a difficult task to tailor the EHR interface for each specialty due to the extensive technology involved in the process. It could also be considered a lower priority when designing an EHR because of other goals presented for the EHR such as interoperability. The technology assists in the designing of the EHR interface, but if possible, it would be important to take the technology a step further and customize the interface to the users’ needs.
Monica, K., (2018). Will specializing EHR interfaces solve the EHR usability problem? EHR Intelligence. https://ehrintelligence.com/news/will-specializing…
Coe, J. (2021, January 14). Clicking away patient safety: How EHR interface is crucial to excellent care delivery. Cambio. https://